How is pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosed?
When you visit your doctor or a sexual health clinic they will ask you about the symptoms you’ve experienced and ask you questions about your sexual history, as well as your general medical history. You will also need to be examined.
Swabs will be taken from your vagina and cervix (this is similar to when you have a smear test) which are sent to be tested for infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea, as well as other bacteria. You may also be offered a blood test to check for other sexually transmitted infections and a urine test to check for a urinary tract infection.
You might be advised to take a pregnancy test too - some symptoms of PID are similar to the symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy.
If your doctor isn’t sure that PID is causing the symptoms, they may also suggest other tests such as a pelvic or transvaginal ultrasound scan, a biopsy or a laparoscopy (a test using keyhole surgery to look at your fallopian tubes, ovaries and womb).