Chlamydia is associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, also known as PID. Chlamydia increases the risk of PID, as do other sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea. The symptoms of PID are very similar to the symptoms of chlamydia. They include abnormal bleeding, pain during intercourse, vaginal discharge, fever and lower back pain. In rare cases, patients with PID can develop an abscess in the fallopian tubes or ovaries.
Chlamydia can also cause cervicitis, an inflammation of the cervix or womb, which results in symptoms such as discharge, pain and an increased need to urinate. If cervicitis is left untreated, patients may develop cervical cysts and pelvic pain.
As an untreated chlamydia infection progresses, it can block the Bartholin’s glands, which lubricate the vagina during intercourse. Blockage is likely to result in inflammation and encourages the development of cysts and abscesses, which can be very painful.