Cystitis is a common bladder infection that causes inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can be caused by not emptying your bladder properly or damage/irritation to the urethra. Symptoms of cystitis include:
Needing to urinate more often
Experiencing pain or a burning sensation when urinating
Bad smelling or cloudy urine
pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen
Mild cases of cystitis usually clears up within a few days. If the condition doesn’t improve within a few days, then an antibiotic treatment should be considered. Cystitis is common in women however if children and men experience these symptoms, they should see their GP because it can be caused by other underlying conditions.
Cystitis is treated through a course of antibiotics. Once the antibiotic cystitis treatment is taken, the symptoms usually clear up within 24 hours. You should also refrain from sex until you have been fully treated because sex can make cystitis worse.
There are two different antibiotics, MacroBid and trimethoprim, which we offer for the treatment of cystitis. MacroBid is the recommended treatment for cystitis, however, some patients have previously used trimethoprim so this medication is also offered.
Cystitis in women
Cystitis is a common condition in women because they have a short urethra. It is also closer to the anus, which can cause bacteria to reach the bladder and cause an infection. Almost all women will have cystitis once in their lifetime, and 1 in 5 women will suffer from recurring cystitis. Cystitis is more common in women who are pregnant, sexually active or have experienced the menopause.
Cystitis in men
Cystitis is uncommon in men and can be caused by a serious medical condition like a bladder or prostate infection. or an obstruction in the urinary tract. Although it is very painful, if treated quickly, cystitis does not become a serious condition. Men who indulge in unprotected anal sex have a slightly higher of cystitis.
Cystitis is not always preventable however you can take precautions to prevent getting it. The following may help in preventing Cystitis:
- emptying your bladder fully
- don’t wait to go if you need to urinate
- avoiding use of perfumes soaps, shower gels and talcum powders around your genitals
- wiping your genital area front to back and not the other way round
- avoid wearing tight fitting jeans or trousers and
- wearing underwear made from cotton