What causes cystic acne?
The exact cause of acne isn’t known but it’s through that hormones called androgens are an important factor. These hormones increase as you reach your teens and causes changes in your skin that can result in acne. Hormonal changes in women, such as the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause can also trigger acne, as can a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome.
Some women find that using a progesterone only pill can cause or worsen acne and other medications can also trigger and/or aggravate the condition.
This includes medicines that contain the following ingredients:
Some studies have shown that diet can be a factor in making acne worse. The main culprits are thought to be dairy products and foods which are rich in carbohydrate like bread and chips. Chocolate might also be a trigger. A recent study of 14 men with acne found that eating chocolate increased their acne. This was only a small study however, and more research is needed to find out why this could happen, and also whether people with acne should change their diets.
At the moment there’s no cure for acne but there are several treatments available which can be very effective in improving symptoms.