Vaccinations For Vietnam - Which Vaccinations Do I Need?
Malaria in Vietnam
In some areas of Vietnam, there is a low risk of malaria. Malarone and Doxycycline are recommended for the following areas:
• Dac Lac
• Gia Lai
• Khanh Hoa
• Kon Tum
• Lam Dong
• Ninh Thuan
• Song Be
• Tay Ninh
In all other areas where malaria is present, Lariam is also a possible option for malaria prophylaxis.
There is no known malaria risk in the Red River Delta, in Da Nang, Haiphong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Nha Trang or Qui Nhon. Rare cases have been reported in the mekong Delta and mosquito avoidance is recommended.
Hepatitis AThe hepatitis A vaccine will protect you from contracting hepatitis A, a viral infection which can cause serious liver problems. Hepatitis A still poses a problem in many parts of the world, including Vietnam. It spreads via contaminated foods and water as well as close contact with someone who carries it.
TetanusThe tetanus vaccine - or a booster - is recommended for all travellers who are planning to visit a country where access to medical assistance may be limited. You can get tetanus when tetanus bacteria get into your bloodstream, usually due to injury or a wound. You need a booster if your last tetanus jab was over ten years ago.
TyphoidDue to a continued effort to provide typhoid vaccines to the population, the number of reported typhoid cases in Vietnam has decreased significantly over the past decade. However, the illness still poses a threat and vaccination is highly recommended to all travellers going to Vietnam. The Vi typhoid vaccine consists of a single injection given at least two weeks prior to departure.
Vaccinations To Consider
CholeraDuring the 1990s, there were several cholera epidemics in Vietnam. Although the last major epidemic occurred in 2008, the infection remains a problem with numerous cases being reported every year. Cholera primarily affects areas of Vietnam where the infrastructure and sanitation system are underdeveloped. The same applies to communities where the level of knowledge about hygiene is low. Your risk of cholera depends on the duration of your trip and where you will be staying.
DiphtheriaIf you have grown up in the UK, you have received a diphtheria vaccine as a part of your childhood vaccination schedule. Before going to Vietnam you should check whether you need a booster for diphtheria - this is the case if it has been over ten years since your last booster.
Hepatitis BAlthough hepatitis B is very common in Vietnam, the risk of hepatitis B to tourists in Vietnam is relatively low. The infection is transmitted via contaminated needles, sexual intercourse and blood transfusions. It is highly recommended that healthcare professionals get vaccinated to avoid infection. As a tourist, you should avoid getting piercings or tattoos abroad, especially if you unsure whether the needles used are new. Your travel nurse can assess your risk and tell you whether you require the hepatitis B vaccine.
Japanese EncephalitisJapanese encephalitis occurs in certain regions in Vietnam. It often causes illness in small children among the local population. Travellers are particularly at risk if travelling during the rainy seasons, when mosquito numbers are high. Our travel nurses can advise you on whether you should consider a Japanese Encephalitis vaccine.
Other Health Risks
Mexico is a risk country for dengue fever, which is caused by a virus. It typically causes severe joint and muscle pains as well as a high fever. The best way to protect yourself from dengue fever is by avoiding mosquito bites, as the virus is transmitted by mosquitoes.