Vaccinations For Thailand - Which Vaccines Do I Need?
Malaria in Thailand
Thailand is considered to be a travel destination with a low risk of malaria. Regions affected by malaria are:
• rural and forested areas at the border to Burma, Cambodia and Laos
• rural and forested areas in Phang Nga and Phuket
There is no risk of malaria in major cities in Thailand.
The recommended malaria tablets for travellers going to Thailand are Malarone and Doxycycline.
Hepatitis AWhile hepatitis A is uncommon in the UK, infection rates remain high in Thailand. You need to protect yourself with a hepatitis A vaccine before you travel.
TetanusTetanus is on the national child vaccine schedule and most people who have grown up in the UK have had the tetanus injection. However, you may need a booster to stay protected during your stay abroad.
Vaccinations To Consider
CholeraIn areas with a poor sanitations system, cholera still poses a threat to the local population and tourists alike. However, the risk of cholera in Thailand is relatively low, especially if you primarily stay in urban areas with a good infrastructure.
DiphtheriaAll children in the UK get vaccinated against diphtheria as a part of the polio, diphtheria and tetanus vaccine. Before you travel, check whether you need a booster - this is the case if you had the last injection over ten years ago.
Hepatitis BThe hep B vaccine is primarily recommended for healthcare workers as well as people who are at a high risk of being exposed to bodily fluids or contaminated needles. It can also be transmitted when having a tattoo or a piercing done. Ask a travel nurse to assess your risk of hepatitis B exposure to make sure you won’t be taking any unnecessary risks.
Japanese EncephalitisJapanese encephalitis is endemic to Thailand. Your risk of catching the virus depends on where you are staying and what time of the year you are planning your trip. During the rainy season, the number of reported encephalitis cases increases significantly. You are also more likely to be exposed to a mosquito which carries it if you are staying in the countryside and near farms which breed livestock.
RabiesIt is estimated that there are around 10 million stray dogs living in Thailand. As a result, rabies continues to pose a problem. The rabies vaccine reduces your risk of contracting the disease after a bite and it is particularly important if you are planning to stay anywhere without easy access to a nearby hospital.
TyphoidAs with many other countries in Asia, typhoid is still endemic in Thailand. You can protect yourself by avoiding unsafe foods and water but depending on where you are staying, a vaccine may be required. This may be the case if you are staying in a remote area with poor sanitation.