Vaccinations For Sri Lanka
One of the most biodiverse spots on the planet, Sri Lanka prides itself on its stunning wildlife and nature. However, it is not only nature which is diverse in Sri Lanka. With multiple cultures living closely together, the island is home to a range of celebrations and festivals throughout the year. Sri Lanka is also famous for its hospitality - and its fantastic cuisine.
Before you are ready to go on an elephant riding trip around the island or explore the cultural triangle you should check whether you need any vaccinations. Our travel nurses are happy to help and they will make sure you get all the advice you need to stay safe during your holiday, too!
Traveller's Diarrhoea is a common bacterial infection which often affects visitors in Sri Lanka. It can easily be treated with a short course of the antibiotic azithromycin. Superdrug Online Doctor provides a quick and easy service for tarveller's diarrhoea - so you can take an antibiotic with you in case you get ill.
|Azithromycin||3 Day Course||£30|
Hepatitis AHepatitis A is a viral infection which causes an inflammation of the liver. In countries where hep A is prominent, many people catch it as a child. The infection tends to be mild in children but can occasionally cause complications. In adults, however, it can lead to liver damage or even liver failure. Although infection rates appear to be on the decrease, hepatitis A is endemic to Sri Lanka and the vaccination is recommended for all travellers.
TyphoidLike hepatitis A, typhoid fever is a food- and waterborne disease. It causes digestive problems such as diarrhoea or constipation, stomach pain and a high fever. The typhoid vaccination is recommended for all travellers visiting Sri Lanka, where outbreaks continue to occur. In addition to getting vaccinated you should take care in choosing where you eat and practise good food hygiene while abroad.
Other Vaccines to Consider
Hepatitis BThe hepatitis B immunisation is a routine vaccination for healthcare professionals and aid workers. It is recommended for anyone likely to come in close contact with the local population of countries where the infection is prevalent, including Sri Lanka. Tourists are also advised to avoid getting tattoos or piercings as the infection can be transmitted via contaminated needles.
Japanese EncephalitisJapanese encephalitis is a disease transmitted by mosquitoes. In countries where it is common, it tends to primarily affect children, who develop immunity as a result. Travellers from non-endemic countries will not have been exposed to the virus and are therefore at risk. The infection is more common in rural areas in Sri Lanka and the risk of infection is particularly high in areas where pigs are kept as livestock. Before travelling to Sri Lanka, you should ask a travel nurse to assess whether you require the vaccination.
RabiesThe number of human rabies cases in Sri Lanka has been going down in the past few years. Sri Lanka is committed to eliminating rabies by the year 2020 but currently, rabies still claims between 20 - 30 lives per year. In most cases, it is transmitted by dogs. The rabies vaccine extends the period of time during which rabies post exposure prophylaxis will be effective but you still need to get treated if you get bitten. The vaccine is vital if you will be working with animals or if you are planning on spending time in a remote area where you may be unable to get treated in time. During your stay in Sri Lanka, you should avoid contact with wild animals and pets if you do not know whether they have been vaccinated.
TetanusThe tetanus vaccination forms part of the standard vaccine schedule in the UK. Before you travel you should make sure you have received all necessary boosters to avoid preventable medical emergencies abroad. Tetanus occurs, when tetanus bacteria enter a wound, cut or graze, thus entering your bloodstream. Tetanus is a potentially fatal disease and the bacteria which cause it can be found in soil, human or animal faeces and dirt. It is also often contracted as the result of an animal bite or scratch.
Other Health Risks