Vaccinations For India - Which Vaccines Do I Need?
Vaccinations for India - Which travel vaccines do I need?
From world-famous monuments like the Taj Mahal to its beautiful beaches and unique wildlife, India offers tourists an unforgettable experience.
Whether you are going to explore the vibrant cities or discover the natural parks, you need to make sure you stay healthy during your trip. All tourists visiting India need to get vaccinated for hepatitis A, tetanus and typhoid. In addition, you will need to take malaria tablets to prevent getting infected on your holiday. Depending on what you are planning to do during your holiday, you may need to consider additional vaccinations.
Malaria in India
Recommended Vaccines for India
It is important that you get vaccinated for the following three diseases before going to India:
Hepatitis AThe viral infection hepatitis A is endemic in India and most people catch it in early childhood, with the result that they are immune afterwards. Travellers from other countries are at risk of contracting it during their stay in India, which is why the vaccine is highly recommended.
TetanusCheck whether you require a tetanus booster before you travel. This may be the case if you had your last booster over ten years ago or if you never finished your course.
TyphoidIndia is one of the countries where typhoid outbreaks are known to occur. Most people who catch typhoid contract it when consuming contaminated water or food. The typhoid vaccine is essential for all travellers going to India.
Other vaccines to consider:
DiphtheriaYou will typically have received a vaccine for diphtheria during your childhood. If you think you may have missed it you should get immunised before you travel. You should also check whether you require a booster before travelling to India.
Hepatitis BThe hepatitis B vaccine is very important for travellers who are likely to come in close contact with the local population, for example when volunteering in a medical role. Hepatitis B affects 80 million people in India. It is transmitted during sex or when using contaminated needles (for example when getting a tattoo or a blood transfusion abroad. Your travel nurse can help you assess your risk of hepatitis B.
Japanese Encephalitis86% of all Japanese encephalitis cases between 2006 and 2009 were reported in India and China. Whether your stay puts you at risk depends on a number of factors, such as the activities you will be taking part in and the duration of your stay. The illness is transmitted by mosquitoes and the risk of contracting it is higher during the rainy seasons when there is a higher population of mosquitoes. If you staying in urban areas only, your risk is quite low.
RabiesRabies continues to be a challenge in India and it is estimated that 36% of all rabies deaths occur in India. If you are likely to come in contact with animals during your stay you should get vaccinated for rabies. The rabies vaccine is also important if you are going to stay in a remote area without access to medical assistance. Children are at a higher risk than adults as they tend to be fascinated by animals and may not report if they get bitten or scratched.