Which medical treatments are prescribed to lower high blood pressure?
In addition to the above lifestyle changes, your doctor may prescribe medication to help lower your blood pressure.
There are five main types of medicines that can help to reduce your blood pressure. Because they work in different ways, your treatment plan may involve taking more than one type at the same time. It is very important that you take your tablets exactly as directed to get the maximum benefit from them.
Which medicines your doctor prescribes will depend on your age, ethnicity, medical history and blood pressure reading. As with all medicines, there are possible side-effects, but most people who take medication to lower their blood pressure experience only mild, or no, side-effects.
ACE-inhibitors (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) reduce your blood pressure by making your blood vessels relax and widen.
Angiotensin-2 receptor blockers (ARBs). These work in a similar way to ACE-inhibitors. You may be prescribed these if you suffer side-effects from taking ACE-inhibitors.
Calcium channel blockers change the way that calcium is used in your blood vessels, causing them to widen, so reducing your blood pressure.
Diuretics work by flushing excess water and salt out of your body in your urine. Reducing the amount of fluid in circulation in your body reduces your blood pressure.
Beta-blockers make your heart beat slower and with less force, which lowers your blood pressure.